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Table 10.2 Studies of Risk Factors for Late Post-Traumatic Seizures (p.310; (Yablon & Dostrow, 2001))

 
Risk Factor Reference
Patient Characteristics
Age (Annegers et al., 1980; Asikainen et al., 1999; Hahn et al., 1988; Kollevold, 1979)
Alcohol use (Evans, 1962; Heikkinen et al., 1990; Japan Follow-up Group for Posttraumatic Epilepsy, 1991; Kollevold, 1978)
Family history (Caveness, 1963; Evans, 1962; Heikkinen et al., 1990; Hendrick, 1968)

Injury Characteristics

Bone/metal fragments (Ascroft, 1941; Salazar et al., 1985; Walker & Yablon, 1959)
Depressed skull fracture (Hahn et al., 1988; Jennett B, 1975; Phillips, 1954; Wiederholt et al., 1989)
Focal contusions/injury (da Silva et al., 1992; De Santis et al., 1992; Eide & Tysnes, 1992; Glötzner et al., 1983; Heikkinen et al., 1990)
Focal neurologic deficits (da Silva et al., 1992; Jennett B, 1975; Salazar et al., 1985)
Lesion location (da Silva et al., 1992; Evans, 1962; Grafman, 1992)
Dural penetration (Caveness & Liss, 1961; Evans, 1962; Salazar et al., 1985)
Intracranial hemorrhage (Glötzner et al., 1983; Hahn et al., 1988; Japan Follow-up Group for Posttraumatic Epilepsy, 1991)
Injury severity (Evans, 1962; Jennett B, 1975; Salazar et al., 1985; Walker & Yablon, 1961)

Other

Early post-traumatic seizures (Heikkinen et al., 1990; Jennett, 1975; Salazar et al., 1985)